Over the next few weeks our team at Salus will be going through all the scientific facts about fat cells and fat loss, and revealing all the vital secrets to shredding the kilos for summer.
We are going to start off with some of the basics and how they relate to your fitness, well-being and body composition. Unfortunately due to the nature of fat cells, and the amount of blood flow which passes through the cells (all of which we will be covering in detail in the following articles), make some fat are a lot harder to get rid of then others, so lets see the order in which our body burns fat.
So the first to go is your Visceral fat, Visceral fat is body fat that is stored within the abdominal cavity and is therefore stored around a number of important internal organs such as the liver, pancreas and intestines. Visceral fat is sometimes referred to as 'active fat' because research has shown that this type of fat plays a distinctive and potentially dangerous role affecting how our hormones function. Here at Salus we are big on hormone optimisation so its vital you work on bringing your visceral fat down. Storing higher amounts of visceral fat is associated with increased risks of a number of health problems including –
- Type 2 diabetes
- Heart disease
- Breast cancer
- Colorectal cancer
- Alzheimer's disease
NOTE: Visceral fat cannot be accessed through diet alone, I have to stress you must exercise to bring excess visceral fat down to a healthy level.
2.None stubborn subcutaneous fat of the deltoids (muscle surrounding the shoulders), upper back and arms.
Subcutaneous fat is the fatty or adipose tissue lying directly under the skin layers. Subcutaneous translates to "under the skin." It contains not only fatty tissues but also blood vessels, which supply the skin with oxygen, and nerves. Subcutaneous fat stores energy, which the body uses during periods of high activity. However too much fat can cause the skin to become tight or stretched, and result in dreaded cellulite or a dimpled look of the skin. While you can have a small impact on reducing subcutaneous fat through diet, regular exercise combined with a healthy eating plan will have a twice the impact over dieting alone.
3.Deep abdominal fat
This is similar to visceral fat; this will cause and increased rounding of the stomach. Studies on deep abdominal fat show that there is a strong correlation between that and glucose tolerance, that’s your bodies ability to deal with glucose, glucose been a simple sugar.
4. Abdominal superficial subcutaneous fat
Heavily connected with the intake of unhealthy trans fats, the consumption of trans fats increases the risk of coronary heart disease by raising levels of the lipoprotein LDL (so-called "bad cholesterol") and lowering levels of the lipoprotein HDL ("good cholesterol"). When it comes to fat loss you will first see signs of fat loss from the upper abdominals followed later by the lower portion. For guys this will occur before we loose the love handles.
5. Fat from the hips and thighs.
Yes that’s right! Unfortunately fat from the hips and thighs are the most stubborn areas to burn, and it only gets worse! Because of the increase amount of alpha 2 receptors on fat cells in theses areas it is far easier to store fat too.
So I’m about to ruin your day completely, due to a process called re-esterfication, you can actually gain fat around the hips and thighs even on a low fat diet.
Let me explain how this works- You have been for a run and free up free fatty acids (FFA) from your fat cells, this has been pulled out of the most receptive areas, which is fat from your upper body, you then continue your run transporting the FFA around the body to use as energy. You then finish your run; any FFA not used up in muscle tissue will then head in the direction of the fat cells for storage. What area do you think will welcome those free fatty acids with open arms! That’s right! Without the right training principles you can shift fat from your upper body and restore it on your lower body.
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Peace and Love